Amedeo Bocchi The Girl in Purple


Complesso Monumentale della Pilotta




750 x 1060 mm



historical period


Exhibit Artwork

Artwork Details

The painting depicts a young woman who emerges from a background with various shades of green, probably a garden or other natural landscape. The figure is portrayed almost frontally, with a slightly inclined body starting from her knees. She is wearing a white blouse with abundant sleeves with lace hem, embellished with a large pink flower that also works as a belt. The skirt is long and dark. The young woman’s hair is fluffy and gathered back and enriched with a long purple stole, from which the artwork takes its name, and which covers part of her head and slides along her body, while she holds it on place with her left hand. The right arm slides gracefully along her slender and sinuous body. The painting and the strong chiaroscuro in the background almost seem to recall the 18th century Anglo-Saxon portraiture, in particular certain large portraits of aristocrats by Thomas Gainsborough set in the English countryside. However, the painting is mainly made in symbolist style, which was popular between the 19th and 20th centuries, as suggested by its indefinite atmosphere that characterizes the work in the background, but it also represents liberty and secessionist influences, in particular in the thin figure with a serious, almost hard but seductive look, turned downwards. Even the rectangular form of the painting recalls liberty and secessionist culture, although it is not as subtle and elongated as in the Triptych of the Three Sisters. All these elements characterize the style of Amedeo Bocchi especially at the beginning of the 1910s, when the artist made the work, signed and dated 1913 at the bottom left. In 1914 Bocchi himself sold the painting to the National Gallery of Parma for the sum of 500 lire. Having acquired the work in the city collections, the city of Parma showed that their artistic culture paid attention towards the young artist, who lived the years of his true affirmation, but also that they were updated on what was happening in the national as well as in local art scene, given the success that Bocchi was receiving in those years not only in Parma.

Artist Details

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Bocchi was born in Parma on August 24, 1883. He graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts of Parma in 1901.

The same year he moved to Rome, where he attended the courses of Scuola del Nudo and met artists Giacomo Balla, Duilio Cambellotti and Giorgio Aristide Sartorio and he studied the works of contemporary painters, including foreign artists, in particular Gustav Klimt and Henri Matisse. Bocchi was deeply fascinated by Klimt’s works, which he studied in Venice on the occasion of the Biennale in an exhibition dedicated to the Austrian artist, and where he himself exhibited two works.

He specialized in fresco technique, which he studied in Padua during the decoration of the basilica of Sant’Antonio together with Achille Casanova, while in the 1910s’ he worked on the restoration of the Golden Room in the Castle of Torrechiara, near Parma, which Benedetto Bempo had painted in the 15th century.

He was familiar with the various artistic currents that developed in the first decades of the century, but he never adhered to any specific style, although he was interested in the Roman Secession and especially in newly born liberty style, an Italian interpretation of Viennese novelties.

He decorated several public works in Parma, such as the Council Chamber of Cassa di Risparmio, (1913-1916) in which his interest in liberty style and Klimt’s works is evident.

In 1915 Bocchi moved permanently to Rome, where he developed his style towards divisionism and symbolism.

He became a successful artist, who loved to paint landscapes, female figures and his family, for which he received great feedback and he was appointed academic of San Luca, the same institution that dedicated an exhibition to him in 1964.

He was afflicted by the loss of two wives and his young daughter Bianca, and he continued to paint until his death in Rome on December 16, 1976.

In 1999 the city of Parma dedicated a museum to the artist, housed in Palazzo Sanvitale. The exhibition is organized in chronological order to illustrate the painter’s artistic and personal journey.

Collection Details

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The construction of Palazzo della Pilotta started in 1583 for the order of the duke of Parma and Piacenza, Ottavio Farnese, who entrusted the task to architect Francesco Paciotto from Urbino. The name Pilotta derives from the game pelota, played by Spanish soldiers in the courtyard of Guazzatoio.

Today, the building holds the museum of archeology, national gallery, Palatine library, Farnese theater, and the Bodonian museum as well as the Accademia Nazionale di Belle Arti, the artistic lyceum of Paolo Toschi, the Department of Cultural Heritage and Performing Arts of the University of Parma.

After the extinction of the Farnese dynasty their collection was moved to Naples by Charles III of Spain in 1734. Pilotta remained without its artistic treasures until the duke Philip of Spain arrived in Parma in 1749. The son of the king of Spain and his wife Louise Elizabeth, the favorite daughter of the king Louis XV of France. At this occasion, Pilotta became a cultural center, a real symbol of the enlightenment and the French politics. Accademia di Belle Arti was founded in 1757 and a new artistic collection was created, from which will originate the Galleria Nazionale. The Palatina library (1769) and archaeological museum (1769) were added to the complex.

During the years of the restoration, under the duchy of Marie Louise of Austria (1816-1847) the cultural institutions of the Pilotta underwent considerable transformations. The halls of representation of the court were rearranged and the façade of the Palazzo was remade between 1833 and 1834, creating its elegant neoclassical character. Th task was entrusted to the architect Nicola Bettoli and the aim was to giver greater dignity to the ducal residence.

During the 1944 bombardments the building was severely damaged and from this point began a series of restoring interventions renovating the interiors, which became suitable to host the Galleria Nazionale, starting from 1991. The collection includes La Scapiliata by Leonardo da Vinci, the Turkish Slave and the Mystical Marriage of St. Catherine by Parmigianino, Correggio’s Madonna of St. Jerome and the Lamentation Over the Dead Christ, Guercino’s Susanna and the Elders and a view by Canaletto.